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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 115-118

Comparison of anchorage from mini-implant and conventional anchorage methods to retract anterior teeth: An original study

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Aditya Dental College and Hospital, Beed, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Yogita Dental College and Hospital, Khed, India
3 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Dr. H.S.R.S.M. Dental College and Hospital, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ranjit Omprakash Pawar
Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Aditya Dental College and Hospital, Sarda Estate, Pimpalner Road, near Nalwandi Naka, Beed 431122, Maharashtra.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_34_21

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Background: Proclined teeth has been one of the main reasons for compromised esthetics. In a patient with proclined anteriors, retraction is performed after first premolar extraction. Absolute/maximum anchorage is required to achieve the best esthetics. Aims and Objectives: We conducted this study with the aim of retracting the proclined maxillary anterior teeth and to check for efficient retraction, type of tooth movement during retraction, and amount of anchorage loss. Materials and Methods: Patients with proclined anterior teeth where therapeutic extraction of first premolars is required were included in the study, where anchorage was taken with mini-implants in one group, and in the second group, conventional anchorage method of first and second molar banding with transpalatal arch was chosen. Each group consisted of 25 subjects. Lateral cephalogram was taken both pre-retraction and 6 months after starting retraction to compare anchor loss, rate of retraction, and type of tooth movement of retracted anteriors in both groups. Results: The retraction in the implant group was more than in the conventional group and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Anchorage loss was seen to be greater in conventional group than in the implant group and was found to be statistically significant as well. The type of tooth movement of the anterior teeth on retraction was also compared, with the implant group showing predominantly controlled tipping and the conventional group showing uncontrolled tipping movement.

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