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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 70-75

Assessment of the oral health status and OHRQoL among beggars in Jodhpur, India: A cross-sectional study

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vyas Dental College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Rajendra Singh Bhati
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vyas Dental College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/INJO.INJO_20_22

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Introduction: In India, charity is the noblest cause of human virtues and due to these religious myths, begging became the traditional profession. Beggars are the people “asking passerby for money for themselves without offering anything in return.” They are always undermined, humiliated and neglected in society. Hence, an attempt was made to assess the oral health status of beggars Jodhupur region. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Beggars (homeless) of Jodhpur Region, Rajasthan, India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 113 beggars (homeless) to assess the oral health status and OHRQoL in Jodhpur Region, which was done by WHO Oral Health Assessment Form (1997) and oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14). The collected data were statistically analyzed by using descriptive statistics as well as Pearson’s correlation. Results: It was found that caries prevalence was 63.7%, and 43.2% of population were having gingival bleeding as well as periodontal pockets with 4–5 mm depth. The highest mean score was seen for the psychological disability; 3.226 ± 0.453 followed by handicap; 3.03 ± 0.16 and least was for physical disability; 2.33 ± 0.569. Conclusion: Mostly dental problems and poor oral health status were due to high level of unmet needs in the study population which highlights the need for a comprehensive dental care program. This study has utility for policymakers and other stakeholders to improve the oral health as well as knowledge of this population.

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